Garlic (Allium sativum) is a bulbous plant of the genus Allium, which belongs to the Alliaceae family. Throws up to a height of 25-100 cm. There is a fragrant oil in the leaves, stems and onions under the soil. Garlic is an annual plant. Garlic, which is related to onions, wild onions, lilies and leeks, does not grow in wild environment in nature. Throughout history, it is thought to have been a culture plant, probably derived from Allium longicuspis, which grows in nature in southwest Asia. Garlic, often referred to as an garlic, ı grows in soils rich in germanium and selenium.