The motherland of watermelon is Africa. Watermelon agriculture in the world and in Turkey is spread over a wide area. Approximately 5% of the world's watermelon production is made in Turkey. Watermelon grows in a warm and temperate climate. There is no danger of frost in the growing cycle as it is affected by cold. Soil temperature should be above 12 ° C during seed sowing. Diseases can be seen in places with high humidity.